National Museum Bangkok is located in the area of the Boworn Sathan Mongkol Mansion or the ‘Front Palace’ (Wang Na) which was built in 1887, the same period with the Grand Palace. The mansion had served as a royal residence for 5 prince viceroys, until king Rama V eliminated this position, the mansion was then available. Afterwards, his majesty ordered “the royal museum” at Sala Sahathai Samakhom or the Concordia Hall in the Grand Palace to move of ancient artifacts and antiques to be displayed in the museum.
King Rama VII granted permission to set up all Phra Maha Monthien Palace Group of Boworn Sathan Mongkol Palace to be the national museum for the city and declared as “Phranakorn National Museum” in 1934. The exhibition was divided into topics:
Gallery of Thai History (Gallery of Thai nation history hall, Sivamok Phiman Throne hall) – Discover the history of Thai people, evolution through the pristine periods until the founded of Sukhothai state, important events in histories ranging from Sri Ayudhaya, Thonburi, until the reign of Chakri dynasty of Rattanakosin era.
History of Fine Arts (Gallery of Thai nation history hall, Sivamok Phiman Throne hall) – Masterpieces of Fine Arts exhibit in the inner court of royal Vimanmek Mansion. Display in categories i.e. handicraft; traditional musical instruments, ceramics, clothing and textiles, woodcarving, regalia and weaponry.
History of Thai Art through generations (Art historical exhibition section, archeological, Mahasurasihanart building and “Prapas phipithaphan” the royal museum) exhibit types and evolution of archeological arts in Thailand, Thawarawadi, Srivijaya, ancient idol, Lopburi, Sukhothai, Lanna, Ayudhya, Rattanakosin, money and bank.
The Wang Na historical sites (Archaeological sites, historic buildings inside the museum ) – Exquisite architecture of Rattanakosin such as; Bhutthaisawan Throne Hall formed the front part of Boworn Sathan Mongkhon Palace, the enshrine house of Phra Buddha Si Hing Buddha image, the Red House, Sala Longsong Pavillion, Mangkhala Phisek Pavilion, Patihantasanai Pavillion, Issaretracha Nusorn Hall, the Throne hall of Somdej Phra Pinkhlao (King Rama V), Issaretracha Nusorn Hall, Funeral Royal Chariot Hall, and Ho kaew joss house.
If you wan to go to this place, please show this Thai sentence to the driver. ต้องการไปพิพิทธภัณฑ์สถานแห่งชาติพระนคร ตรงสนามหลวงติดธรรมศาสตร์